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An Insight on Wisdom Teeth and Is It Important to Remove Them

Wisdom teeth emerge quite later in our life and not with the other teeth. Usually, people get them between the ages of 18 to 25. Though they are called wisdom teeth, they have nothing to do with wisdom or smartness. They are at the back of your mouth and are not that helpful in chewing food. You get 2 wisdom teeth on the top and two on the bottom which makes it a total of 32 teeth, says the dentist in 78753.

It is said that wisdom teeth are the toughest and wisest teeth for grinding food but a surprising fact is that some people don’t grow wisdom teeth at all. They can be missing from many adult mouths. According to a dentist in Austin, most people who have wisdom teeth suffer from pain and discomfort. When there is a lack of space for the wisdom tooth to emerge, it can get impacted and cause trouble to the nearby teeth.

It is said that if the wisdom tooth is causing too much trouble, it must be extracted so that one can get relief from the pain. However, the pertinent question is how to decide if the wisdom tooth needs extraction. Here’s a look at some signs that reflect the need for extraction.

  • Cavities or infection
  • Damage to nearby teeth
  • Bone loss around teeth
  • Lack of space for brushing and flossing
  • Lesions

According to a dentist in Pflugerville, it can be a wise decision to extract the wisdom tooth before they begin to cause any problem. The potential problems that wisdom tooth can cause are:

  • Before the tooth erupts, the sack of tissue surrounding the tooth can grow into a cyst and cause bone loss in the jaw.
  • If the tooth is on its side under the gum, it can damage nearby teeth by eating away their roots.
  • Bacteria and plaque can build up on the tooth which is only partly out from the gums.

However, there is some contradiction in the opinions of the dentists. Some of them believe that there is no reason to extract a wisdom tooth which otherwise seems healthy and is not causing any trouble. If your dentist suggests you to extract the wisdom tooth, you can discuss with him the reason and gather as much information as you want before being assured and confident about the extraction.

Extraction Procedure

Once it is decided to extract the wisdom tooth, the next thing would be to decide the procedure for extraction. The method will depend on how far it’s out of the gum. If the tooth has erupted completely, it can be extracted with the help of a simple extraction procedure wherein the dentist will first numb your gums and then use a needle for administering stronger numbing medicine in the area. They will loosen the tooth with a tool and then pull it out with dental forceps.

You may experience some bleeding after the extraction and you may also experience swelling and soreness for a few days but it will subside. Avoid brushing for the first 24 hours and gargle gently with warm saltwater.

Surgical Extraction

If the tooth is impacted, it will need the surgical procedure for removing it. Though many dentists will perform the procedure on their own, others may suggest you see an oral surgeon. You will be given sedation medicine for making you sleepy and relaxed. The surgeon will first make an incision on the gum and remove the tooth bone to get to the root. They may also cut the tooth into pieces for keeping the hole small.

Aftercare

It is better to take someone along who can drive you back home as you would be drowsy after the procedure. The dentist in 78660 will recommend taking OTC medicines for managing pain and discomfort. You will be normal from the next day, but the dentist would recommend you not to engage in strenuous activities. You can use a cold pack for managing soreness and swelling. You must stay hydrated and brush your teeth protecting the site of extraction. Have softer food items and liquids and avoid spitting too much as it can remove the blood clot.

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